Microsoft revealed plans to integrate DNS over HTTPS in Windows 10 in November 2019. DNS over HTTPS encrypts DNS lookups to improve privacy, security and reliability of the connection.
Most devices that are connected to the Internet rely on plain text DNS lookups. These lookups "translate" domain names, e.g. ghacks.net, to IP addresses that devices use to establish connections. Anyone listening on the network, including the ISP, knows exactly which sites and services are opened on the device because of this.
Browser makers such as Mozilla, Google, and Opera announced support for DNS over HTTPS and have started to integrate the feature into browsers. The solutions would allow users of these browsers to make use of the feature but it would only apply to the browser.
Microsoft's plan to introduce support for DNS over HTTPS in the operating system would enable support for all programs (including browsers) on that system.
The company decided to enable or disable the functionality based on the selected provider. If the DNS provider supports DNS over HTTPS, it would be used and otherwise, it would not. In other words: many users will see the privacy and security of DNS lookups improved once the feature lands in Windows without even noticing that this happened.
Microsoft has integrated DNS over HTTPs in recent Insider versions of Windows 10. Note that the feature has not yet been implemented in stable versions of Windows 10. It is not clear when this will be the case as Microsoft provides no schedule for that.
Note: The build number needs to be at least 19628. You can check the build number by loading winver from the Start menu.
Only Insider builds require that DNS over HTTPS is enabled in the Registry. Microsoft notes that this won't be necessary once the feature lands in stable versions of Windows 10.
You need to make sure that a provider that supports DNS over HTTPS is selected. Microsoft highlights three providers on its Tech Community website:
|Server Owner||Server IP addresses|
These servers need to be set as the DNS server addresses on the system as these are the servers that get auto-promoted.
Administrators may add other DNS over HTTPS capable servers to the system so that these may be used as well.
The following commands need to be run with elevated privileges to add DNS over HTTPS capable servers to the system:
To verify the template, run the following command:
Here is how you change DNS settings:
Note that you can revert the changes at any time by switching to the "automatically" option or editing DNS servers.
Windows 10 comes with built-in functionality to test whether DNS over HTTPS is working.
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Ghacks is a technology news blog that was founded in 2005 by Martin Brinkmann. It has since then become one of the most popular tech news sites on the Internet with five authors and regular contributions from freelance writers.