The Windows Task Manager (Core Windows Tools) - gHacks Tech News

The Windows Task Manager (Core Windows Tools)

The Windows Task Manager is one of the core programs that ships with every version of the Windows operating system.

Designed to provide users with an overview of what is running and happening on the system, it is considered an advanced tool by many.

The Task Manager is more or less identical on Windows 7 and earlier versions of Windows while it has changed in Windows 8 and newer versions.

So how do you start the Task Manager on your system?

Probably the easiest and most common option is to use Ctrl-Shift-Esc to do so. This opens the Task Manager right away on the desktop.

There are however other options to open the Task Manager (not all may be available in all Windows versions).

  1. Right-click on the taskbar and select (Start) Task Manager.
  2. Use Windows-r to bring up the run box, type taskmgr and hit enter.
  3. Press Ctrl-Alt-Del and on the screen that pops up (Start) Task Manager.

Common Tasks

You can use the Task Manager for a variety of tasks. Here are a couple of common ones:

  1. Terminate programs that cannot be closed normally anymore (crashed but still running, closing has no effect..)
  2. Check the cpu load and memory usage of the system or individual programs running on it.
  3. Find out which processes are running on the system.

The Task Manager

windows task manager

The task manager displays the running processes under the current user account on run on Windows 7 and earlier, and all running apps on Windows 8 and later on start. Windows 8 users can click or tap on more details to display the running processes as well.

Note that processes includes services as well that are running on the system at the time

Each process is listed with its name, cpu and memory load,  user account it is running under and description by default.

It is possible to add information to the table, for instance the process ID or I/O reads or writes. Check out this guide that explains how to do so in detail.

A right-click on a line displays a context menu with several options. Here are the most important ones:

  1. Open File Location - This opens the file's location in the default file manager, usually Windows Explorer or File Explorer.
  2. End Process or End Process Tree - This terminates the selected process or the selected process and all other processes that it has started directly or indirectly. Useful if you cannot close a program window on the system the usual ways for example. A tap on the Del key while a process is selected has the same effect as End Process.
  3. Set Priority - This changes the priority of the process for as long as it is running. You need to use third-party tools if you want to modify the priority of a process permanently.
  4. Set Affinity - Force the selected process to use only select processor cores instead of all of them. This too is only valid for as long as the process is running.
  5. Properties - Opens the properties dialog window of the selected file.
  6. Search Online (Windows 8+) - Runs a search for the process in the default browser and search engine.

Processes can be sorted with a click on a table header. It is for instance possible to sort processes by cpu or memory use which can provide you with information on which processes use the most system resources.

The button "Show processes from all users" restarts the Windows Task Manager to display processes that are not run by the user account but by other users on the system.

Performance and Networking

performance

A click on the performance tab displays performance related information including the current cpu and memory usage as well as the history, and additional information such as the available memory or the total number of processes, threads and handles.

Related to that is the networking tab which displays the network utilization.

Microsoft has merged network and performance under Windows 8 so that the information are displayed on the same screen.

Services

services

The third and final major component of the task manager is the services tab. It lists all services and their state, and provides options to start and stop services right from there.

The button services opens the Services manager of the operating system.

Windows 8+ specific

Windows 8 ships with three additional tabs in the task manager.

The first displays items that are loaded on start. This is limited to programs though. Options are available to disable the program so that it won't be loaded on system start.

App History lists all apps that have been started on a system in the past 14 day period. The apps' cpu time and network utilization are listed on the page.

Details finally is a detailed processes listing that offers additional information about each process.

Additional Resources

Now You: Are you using the Windows Task Manager? If so, for what?

Summary
The Windows Task Manager (Core Windows Tools)
Article Name
The Windows Task Manager (Core Windows Tools)
Description
An introduction to the Windows Task Manager explaining how to launch the tool and what you can use it for on a Windows PC.
Author

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Comments

  1. Saidur Rahaman said on November 3, 2014 at 8:11 pm
    Reply

    Thanks for the very useful information.

  2. RossN said on November 3, 2014 at 9:19 pm
    Reply

    Most of the time I just use ProLasso. Even the free version is great.
    Very useful on a low-spec system to force certain tasks to use fewer resources.

    1. Martin Brinkmann said on November 3, 2014 at 9:53 pm
      Reply

      It is a great program, and sometimes available at a discount. If you can get it for that, I highly recommend picking it up.

    2. Boris said on November 3, 2014 at 10:10 pm
      Reply

      Use right program name next time. It is ProcessLasso. I googled “prolasso” and got eyeful of male nip/tuck procedure(and please do not read Google’s descriptions on the right if you want to keep your lunch). Apparently prolasso is name for very specific medical procedure/medical problem in Italian.

      1. RossN said on November 3, 2014 at 10:51 pm
        Reply

        Sorry, “Process Lasso” is the full name. “ProLasso” is what it shows when I put the mouse cursor over it in the System Tray.

  3. Uhtred said on November 3, 2014 at 10:33 pm
    Reply

    On win 7 I created and dropped a shortcut for taskmanger.exe into the startup folder and set minimse to tray on use, this gives me a one click access and a visual indicator of current load on cpu in taskbar, which can be handy info on low spec laptop or netbook

    1. Martin Brinkmann said on November 3, 2014 at 11:26 pm
      Reply

      Interesting, thanks for the tip.

  4. pschroeter said on November 4, 2014 at 5:50 am
    Reply

    I upgraded to Windows 8 from Windows XP and Ctrl+Alt+Del was in muscle memory for a long time. I hated how it suddenly brought up a screen with extra steps where I had to arrow down to get to the Task Manager. But that’s just Windows 8 for you, change what you have been doing for years or make you do more steps to get where you want.

  5. chesscanoe said on November 4, 2014 at 3:16 pm
    Reply

    On Win7x64 I replaced Task Manager with Process Explorer v16.04 from Microsoft.
    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/sysinternals/bb896653

    However, it’s often sufficient to look at the Glint utility v1.26, which I run continuously.
    https://sites.google.com/site/glintutility/

  6. billy said on November 4, 2014 at 5:33 pm
    Reply

    I prefer system explorer,more options and its free

  7. beachboui said on November 5, 2014 at 5:21 pm
    Reply

    Task Manager has always been a valuable tool for learning about your computer, the programs that run in the background, and even malware (at least, in older days). The Processes tab is far more useful when “Show processes from all users” is checked (Win 7).

    1. Martin Brinkmann said on November 5, 2014 at 5:52 pm
      Reply

      Agreed, it is always best if nothing is hidden from the user (unless the user selects to do so).

  8. MK said on August 20, 2015 at 7:14 pm
    Reply

    Regarding this paragraph:
    There are however other options to open the Task Manager (not all may be available in all Windows versions).

    1. Right-click on the taskbar and select (Start) Task Manager.
    2. Use Windows-r to bring up the run box, type taskmgr and hit enter.
    3. Press Ctrl-Shift-Del and on the screen that pops up (Start) Task Manager.

    Option 3 is supposed to be Ctrl-Alt-Del, NOT Ctrl-Shift-Del.

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