Era-defining discovery: LK-99 the ambient-pressure superconductor

Kerem Gülen
Aug 2, 2023

The quest for an ambient-pressure, room-temperature superconductor, a material that could revolutionize electrical and electronic industries, has been ongoing in the scientific community.

The ideal material, LK-99, has reportedly been developed by South Korean physicists, marking a major advancement in the field of superconductivity.

To appreciate the importance of a room-temperature, ambient-pressure superconductor, it's crucial to understand superconductivity.

Normally, as electrons move through conductive materials, they face resistance from atoms, leading to heat and energy loss. However, superconductivity offers a unique phenomenon where, at temperatures near absolute zero, electrons pair up and travel without resistance, resulting in efficient electricity transmission.

Historically, superconductors only displayed these remarkable traits at extremely low temperatures, limiting their usage to specialized industries. However, the introduction of "high-temperature" superconductors in the late 1980s brought about new possibilities, as they could function at temperatures achievable with inexpensive liquid nitrogen. Despite this, these superconductors were typically brittle and difficult to handle, thus hindering their wide-scale adoption.

Korean research team reportedly discovered ambient-pressure superconductor

The ultimate aim in the field of superconductivity has been to find a material that can exhibit superconductivity at room temperature and normal pressure. The South Korean research team's recent assertion of having developed the first such superconductor, LK-99, brings forth immense possibilities for both technology and physics.

The team revealed their new material, LK-99, which was created through a solid-state reaction involving lanarkite (Pb2SO5) and copper phosphide (Cu3P). LK-99 boasts a distinctive structure that adopts a modified lead-apatite form, enabling it to sustain and display superconductivity at room temperature and ambient pressure. Interestingly, LK-99's superconductivity originates from minute structural distortions caused by a small volume reduction when Cu2+ ions substitute Pb2+ ions in the insulating Pb(2)-phosphate network. These distortions give rise to superconducting quantum wells (SQWs) at the cylindrical column interface of LK-99.

In their preliminary papers, the scientists demonstrated various superconductivity indicators in LK-99. The critical temperature (Tc) of LK-99 is stated to be over 400 K (127°C), signifying its capability to be superconductive at room temperature. A sharp decrease in electrical resistivity was observed around 378 K (220°C) and near-zero resistivity at 333 K (140°C), bolstering their superconductivity claim. Additionally, the team presented proof of the Meissner effect, a signature of superconductivity, whereby LK-99 exhibited levitation when positioned on a magnet.

Image source: Unsplash

Possible usage areas of LK-99

The declaration of ambient-pressure superconductors working at room temperature has sparked enormous enthusiasm and anticipation. The potential uses for such materials are extensive and could lead to radical transformations across numerous sectors.

With LK-99, the superconductor functioning at room temperature, we could see a transformation in battery technology. Incorporating it into batteries could result in significantly enhanced energy storage capabilities and reduced charging times for a range of devices, including smartphones, laptops, and electric vehicles. This would boost daily usage by offering power sources that are both longer-lasting and more dependable.

The potential implications of these superconductors functioning at room temperature, like LK-99, are numerous and far-reaching. They could result in significant advancements in battery efficiency, potentially leading to the development of quantum computers.

They could offer an efficient way to store renewable energy, leading to dramatic improvements in the power and range of air, sea, and land vehicles. Super-fast magnetic trains could become a reality, bringing about a revolution in the transportation sector. Lastly, these superconductors could augment the efficiency of energy distribution, thereby reducing losses and enhancing the effectiveness of power grids.

Quantum computing

The creation of LK-99 might be a game-changer for the field of quantum computing. Superconducting materials play a vital role in establishing the sensitive quantum states needed to carry out intricate calculations. If LK-99 establishes itself as a practical room-temperature superconductor, it may lay the groundwork for quantum computers that are more feasible and practical, leading to quicker and more potent data processing in a variety of fields.

Image source: Unsplash

Renewable energy storage

Renewable energy sources, like solar and wind, often produce power in an inconsistent manner. With the potential of LK-99 to serve as a room-temperature superconductor, it could be utilized to store excess energy effectively during peak production hours. This energy reserve could then be used when energy production is low, ensuring a reliable and constant supply of renewable energy and making it more practical to depend on green energy sources for our daily electricity requirements.

Advancements in vehicle power and range

Integrating LK-99 into electric motors and propulsion systems could lead to significant improvements in transportation. Vehicles such as electric cars, airplanes, ships, and trains could benefit from better energy efficiency and performance. The use of LK-99 could extend the range of electric vehicles and speed up their charging times, making them more suitable for daily travel and helping to lower carbon emissions.

Image source: Unsplash

High-speed magnetic trains

With LK-99, magnetic levitation (maglev) trains, which already attain remarkable speeds, could see even more significant improvements. By reducing the loss of energy during propulsion, this superconductor could enable maglev trains to reach even higher speeds and enhance commuting experiences for passengers in city areas.

Efficient energy distribution

Incorporating LK-99 into power transmission systems could considerably reduce energy loss during long-distance distribution. This increased efficiency could lead to lower electricity costs and a more dependable power grid, positively impacting households and industries in their daily electricity usage.

Who knows what we are about to witness…

It's critical to note that the potential applications mentioned above are purely speculative and have not been validated by the scientific community. As it stands, the existence and feasibility of a room-temperature superconductor like LK-99 remain


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  1. Seeprime said on September 8, 2023 at 4:12 pm

    Missing from the “story”: Ukraine’s agreement to never use Starlink for military purposes. This is why.

    Ghacks quality is AI driven and very poor these days since AI is really artificial stupidity.

    1. Karl said on September 12, 2023 at 9:10 pm

      “Elon Musk biographer Walter Isaacson forced to ‘clarify’ book’s account of Starlink incident in Ukraine War

      “To clarify on the Starlink issue: the Ukrainians THOUGHT coverage was enabled all the way to Crimea, but it was not. They asked Musk to enable it for their drone sub attack on the Russian fleet. Musk did not enable it, because he thought, probably correctly, that would cause a major war.”

      1. Karl said on September 14, 2023 at 5:58 pm

        I posted above comment to:

        Not to the following article about Geforce where I currently also can see it published:

  2. Anonymous said on September 11, 2023 at 10:09 pm

    Well, using Brave, I can see Llama 2 being decent, but it is still not great?
    All these AI stuff seems more like a ‘toy’ than anything special, I mean, it is good for some stuff like translations or asking quick questions but not for asking anything important.

    The problem is Brave made it mostly for summarizing websites and all that, but all these Big tech controlled stuff, won’t summarize articles it doesn’t agree with, so it is also useless in many situations where you just want it to give you a quick summarization, and then it starts throwing you little ‘speeches’ about how it doesn’t agree with it and then it never summarizes anything, but give you all the 30 paragraphs reasons why the article is wrong, like if I am asking it what it thinks.

    SO all this AI is mostly a toy, but Facebook with all the power they have will be able to get so much data from people, it can ‘train’ or better say, write algorithms that will get better with time.

    But It is not intelligence, it is really not intelligence all these AI technology.

  3. Tom Hawack said on September 14, 2023 at 2:11 pm

    Article Title: Tech leaders meet to discuss regulation of AI
    Article URL: []

    The eternal problematic of regulating, here applied to AI. Should regulations (interventionism) have interfered in the course of mankind ever since Adam and Eve where would we be now? Should spirituality, morality, ethics never have interfered where would we be now? I truly have always believed that the only possible consensus between ethics and freedom is that of individuals’ own consciousness.

    Off-topic : Musk’s beard looks like a wound, AI-Human hand-shake is a quite nice pic :)

    1. Karl said on September 14, 2023 at 5:55 pm

      Haha, oh dear, Tom.
      I thought that the comments system issue where comments shows up under a totally different article was fixed. But seeing your comment here, the “error” is clearly still active. Hopefully it is sorted as soon as possible.

      1. Tom Hawack said on September 14, 2023 at 6:40 pm

        Article Title: Tech leaders meet to discuss regulation of AI
        Article URL: []

        Hi Karl :) Well, let’s remain positive and see the good sides : one’s comment appearing within different articles (the one it was written form and for, another unrelated one) brings ubiquity to that comment : say it once and it’s published twice, double your pleasure and double your fun (“with double-mint, double-mint gum” and old ad!). Let’s forget the complications and inherited misunderstandings it leads to. Not sure the fun is worth the complications though. Which is why, with a few others here, I include Article Title & URL with comment, to ease a bit the pain.

        This said, I’m trying to find a logic key which would explain the mic-mac. One thing is sure : comments appearing twice keep the same comment number.

        For instance my comment to which you replied just above is originally :


        It then got duplicated to :


        Same comment number, which let’s me imagine comments are defined by their number as before but now dissociated in a way from their full path : that’s where something is broken, as i see it.

        First amused me, then bothered, annoyed (I took some holidays to lower the pressure), then triggered curiosity.
        I’m putting our best detectives on the affair, stay tuned.

      2. Karl said on September 16, 2023 at 8:58 am

        Hehe, yes indeed, staying positive is what we should do. Good comes for those who wait, as the old saying goes. Hopefully true for this as well.

        Interesting that the comments number stays the same, I noted that one thing is added to the duplicated comment in the URL, an error code, the following: “error-code-0x0003”.

        Not useful for us, but hopefully for the developers (if there are any?), that perhaps will be able to sort this comments error out. Or our detectives, I hope they work hard on this as we speak ;).

        Cheers and have a great weekend!

      3. Karl said on September 16, 2023 at 9:18 am

        Whoops, my bad. I just now realized that the error I saw in your example URL (error-code-0x0003) was part of the linked article title and generated by Geforce! Oh dear! Why did I try to make it more confusing than it already is lol!

        Original comment:


      4. Tom Hawack said on September 16, 2023 at 9:20 am

        Article Title: Tech leaders meet to discuss regulation of AI
        Article URL: []

        @Karl, you write,

        “I noted that one thing is added to the duplicated comment in the URL, an error code, the following: “error-code-0x0003”.”

        I haven’t noticed that up to now but indeed brings an element to those who are actually trying to resolve the issue.
        I do hope that Softonic engineers are working on fixing this issue, which may be more complicated than we can imagine. Anything to do with databases can become a nightmare, especially when the database remains accessed while being repaired, so to say.

        P.S. My comment about remaining positive was, in this context, sarcastic. Your literal interpretation could mean you are, factually, more inclined to positiveness than I am myself : maybe a lesson of life for me :)

        Have a nice, happy, sunny weekend as well :)

      5. 💾 said on September 16, 2023 at 12:35 pm

        Correct: AI is certainly overhyped, it’s also advertised by some shady individuals. It’s can also be misused to write poor quality articles or fake your homework.

        16 September 2023, this website is still experiencing issues with posts erroneously appearing in the wrong threads. There are even duplicates of the exact same post ID within the same page in some places.

      6. 💾 said on September 16, 2023 at 8:41 pm

        Clerical error “[It] can also be misused …” you just can’t get the staff nowadays.

        Obviously [#comment-4573795] was originally posted within [/2023/09/14/artificial-intelligence-regulation-tech-leaders/]. However, it has appeared misplaced within several threads.

        Including the following:

  4. Anonymous said on September 14, 2023 at 3:39 pm

    “How much radiation is dangerous?
    Ionizing radiation, such as X-rays and gamma rays, is more energetic and potentially harmful. Exposure to doses greater than 1,000 millisieverts (mSv) in a short period can increase the risk of immediate health effects.
    Above about 100 mSv, the risk of long-term health effects, such as cancer, increases with the dose.”

    This ban is about NON-ionizing radiation limits, because there is too much radio wave power from the iphone. This has nothing to do with the much more dangerous ionizing radiations like X-rays, that are obviously not emitted at all by mobile phones. I invite you to correct your article.

  5. Anonymous said on September 17, 2023 at 5:03 pm

    “ makes history as the first official UFO website”

    I wonder if it’s just smelly crowdsourcing for the spotting of chinese balloons or whatever paranoia they’re trying to instigate, or if they are also intentionally trying to look stupid enough to look for alien spaceships, for whatever reason. Maybe trying to look cute, instead of among the worst butchers of history ?

  6. Anonymous said on September 17, 2023 at 9:12 pm

    “The tech titan’s defense”
    “Whether he provides a clear explanation or justifies his actions”
    “the moral compass”

    You take it for granted that this company should agree being a military communications provider on a war zone, and so directly so that his network would be used to control armed drones charged with explosives rushing to their targets.

    You don’t need to repeat here everything you read in the mainstream press without thinking twice about it. You’re not just pointing interestingly that his company is more involved in the war that one may think at first and that this power is worrying, you’re also declaring your own support for a side in an imperialist killfest, blaming him for not participating enough in the bloodshed.

    Now your article is unclear on how this company could be aware that its network is used for such military actions at a given time, which has implications of its own.

    Reading other sources on that quickly, it seems that the company was: explicitly asked ; to extend its network geographically ; for a military attack ; at a time when there was no war but with the purpose of triggering it, if I understood well. You have to be joking if you’re crying about that not happening at that time. But today you have your war, be happy.

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