Mozilla revealed yesterday that it plans to enable multiple content processes in Firefox Nightly, the cutting edge development version of the web browser.
Firefox's multi-process architecture is not yet enabled for all users of the stable version of the browser, currently on version 49.x, but plans are already underway to improve multi-process Firefox.
Tip: Check out our Firefox multi-process guide for general information on the new functionality. The guide helps you find out whether multi-process is enabled, provides you with information on enabling it if it is not,
Mozilla's initial version of Firefox's multi-process architecture used one browser process and one content process.
This is different from Chrome's implementation which uses one process for each content process instead. This is one reason why Chrome uses more memory than Firefox (you can reduce Chrome's memory hunger a bit by using one process per site).
One disadvantage of using one content process for all sites is that a bug in one may take down the whole process. Since there is only one, it may crash all sites open in Firefox. While that should not affect the browser core, as it runs in its own process in multi-process Firefox, it is far from ideal.
Mozilla will enable a second content process in Firefox Nightly soon. You can verify the number of content process in the following way:
The value you see there is the number of content processes that Firefox may use at most. If you check the Task Manager, you should see value+1 firefox.exe processes running (the +1 is the browser process).
You can change the number of processes that Firefox uses by changing the value.
I have run Firefox Nightly with eight content processes for the past months and never ran into any issues. You should expect a higher RAM usage of the browser due to the number of extra processes and overhead, but if you have plenty of RAM, that is more than made up for by increased stability and performance.
Bugs are to be expected, and there are already some that Mozilla is working on. DOM Storage for instance does not properly propagate between processes which could cause some sites to misbehave.
The change will land in Firefox 53 Nightly, but multiple content processes won't be part of Firefox 53 Stable. It is unclear yet when this is going to happen.
You can follow the meta bug on [email protected] here.
Multiple content processes is the way to go, but it will take a while before stable users will benefit from those (unless they enable them manually). I cannot way to get proper security sandboxing added to Firefox, a feature that it desperately needs to close the security gap to Chrome.
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