The High Precision Event Timer (HPET) is a hardware timer that has been developed by Intel and Microsoft. HPET is used in PC chipsets for nearly a decade.
Different timers may be used depending on which operating system you have installed on your PC, and tweaking the timers may improve the overall performance of your PC as a result. This is mostly useful for gaming related activities and other real-time activities that tax the system a lot.
The first thing that you need to find out is if HPET is supported by your system. You need to go into the BIOS or UEFI setup during boot to find out. Since there are that many different versions out there it is hard to say where you will find the setting on your system. I found the setting under Advanced Mode > Advanced > PCH Configuration > High Precision Timer.
Enabling or disabling the timer in BIOS is only one part of the change that you have to make though. Windows may use different timers as said earlier even if the HPET timer is enabled in the BIOS.
You need to run the following commands on the command line in Windows to enable or disable the exclusive use of the HPET timer.
There are a couple of tests that you can run to see if the performance is better when the timer is enabled or disabled on your system. While you can check that out playing games or other applications as well, it is usually a good idea to run the following two programs as well:
WinTimerTest is a lightweight portable program that displays timer related information to you. You should get a value of around 14.3 MHz if HPET is enabled, and less than that, usually 3.9 MHz if it is disabled. You can download it with a click on the following link: Windows Timer Tester
DPC Latency Checker is the second program that tests how the computer handles real-time data streams.
I suggest you run both programs before you make any change to your system, and then again after you have made changes. Not everyone is noticing improvements after enabling HPET in both the BIOS / UEFI and the Windows operating system. Some notice slow downs and others that micro-stutters go away after disabling the timer on their system. So, it is definitely a good idea to test all possible settings to see if one makes a difference for you.
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