Internet users who want to save single webpages in their web browser can usually do so by going to the File menu of the browser to select Save As there, or by using the keyboard shortcut Ctrl-S while on the page they want to save.
This will save the HTML file along with all the objects, images and styles for instance, of the website to an extra folder on the local computer system.
Many users who save websites regularly to their computer do not like the default option to save websites, as it quickly leads to a huge number of files and directories on the computer system which makes keeping an overview difficult.
There are other options to save a website into only one file. One of these options is to convert the website to a pdf document, another the Mozilla Archive Format add-on for Firefox.
The Mozilla Archive Format add-on can be used to save websites either as MHTML (MHT) files supported by Microsoft's Internet Explorer, or MAFF multi-page archives.
The functionality is automatically integrated into the Firefox web browser after installation of the add-on. The fastest way to save a website is to use the Ctrl-S keyboard shortcut which will open the Save As dialog window. Among the available choices are both the MAFF and MHTML format after installation of the browser add-on.
The differences between the two formats are the following: MAFF uses zip compression to save one or multiple websites as an archive. This ensures better compatibility and accessibility even on computer systems that do not have access to the add-on as it is still possible to browse and extract the data with any compression software supporting zip files. In addition to all that, MAFF can include audio and video embedded on pages.
The MHTML format on the other hand is not compressed, can only save one website per file and works only with a limited number of web browsers. It is however better integrated into Internet Explorer, and could be the better choice if Internet Explorer is the target web browser.
The add-on saves the following additional information with each site:
The add-on can also be used to convert previously saved websites (e.g. with Firefox's default Save As function) so that they are better accessible from then on. You'd simply have to load those in Firefox again, and use the Save As functionality afterwards to convert it to one of the two supported formats.
The MAF extension for Firefox works well with other extensions available for Firefox. Two worth of note are Multiple Tab Handler, which allows you to select tabs to save, and UnMHT, which adds additional features to read and write MHTML files.
Mozilla Archive Format is available for download at the Mozilla Firefox website for all Firefox web browsers.
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