Run Windows 10 Setup Script after installation to customize the OS
Windows 10 Setup Script is a PowerShell script designed to be run right on the first run after Windows 10 was installed and set up on a computer. The main idea behind the script is to give administrators ample options to customize the experience, e.g. by modifying privacy related settings, making other tweaks, or removing built-in applications.
Note: Windows 10 Setup Script is an advanced script that should not be run on Windows 10 installations that are not new. Additionally, since it can potentially change many settings and options on the system, it is advised to create a backup before you run the script.
Tip: check out our overview of privacy tools for Windows 10.
Windows 10 Setup Script
Using the script requires some preparation. First, it is important that you download the script for the target version of Windows 10 that you want to modify. The developer offers scripts for Windows 10 version 1903, 1909, 2004 and Windows 10 LTSC 1809. A test version for Windows 10 21H1 is in the works right now as well.
Once you have downloaded and extracted the right version, it is necessary to open the script in a text editor or PowerShell IDE as it needs to be configured before it should be run. While you can, in theory, run the script and use all of the defaults, it is better to go through the script to enable or disable the options to be in line with your expectations.
Users who cannot read PowerShell scripts may still do that as documentation is provided in the form of comments. Still, it is best suited for advanced users who will feel more comfortable doing that. The Windows 10 version 2004 script has a total of 3488 lines and that takes some time to go through, even if you are an advanced user.
So, what modifications does the script support? Among others (the full list is here):
- Set up Privacy & Telemetry
- Turn off diagnostics tracking scheduled tasks
- Set up UI & Personalization
- Uninstall OneDrive "correctly"
- Change %TEMP% environment variable path to %SystemDrive%\Temp
- Change location of the user folders programmatically (without moving user files) within interactive menu using up/down arrows and Enter key to make a selection
- Uninstall UWP apps from all accounts with exception apps list with pop-up form written in WPF
- Turn off Windows features
- Remove Windows capabilities with pop-up form written in WPF
- Create a Windows cleaning up task in the Task Scheduler
- Unpin all Start menu tiles
- Pin shortcuts to Start menu using syspin.exe
- Three shortcuts are preconfigured to be pinned: Control Panel, "old style" Devices and Printers, and Command Prompt
- Turn on Controlled folder access and add protected folders using dialog menu
- Add exclusion folder from Microsoft Defender Antivirus scanning using dialog menu
- Add exclusion file from Microsoft Defender Antivirus scanning using dialog menu
- Refresh desktop icons, environment variables and taskbar without restarting File Explorer
All you need to do is use comments # to enable or disable certain tweaks in the script. Just place these in the front of commands to skip them when the script is run. Save the script once you have modified it.
Now it is necessary to run it on the system. This requires that you set the execution policy to bypass as Windows 10 will refuse to run the script otherwise.
- Open an elevated PowerShell prompt, e.g. by displaying the "secret" menu with Windows-X and selecting the option.
- Run the command: Set-ExecutionPolicy -ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Scope Process -Force
- Run the PowerShell script or Start.cmd as administrator afterwards.
The program may display some choices to you, e.g. a list of apps to uninstall, depending on your editing of the script.
Windows 10 Setup Script is an advanced tool for advanced users and system administrators who want to modify new installations of Windows 10 right from the get-go. It takes quite a bit of preparing as you need to go through the script to make sure that everything is set up according to the needs before the script is run.
All in all, a great tool for advanced users who want to modify the system heavily.
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