Two new mobile phone operating systems will make their debut in 2013. Firefox OS by Mozilla will debut in markets such as Brazil, Spain, Poland or Venezuela starting this Summer, while first devices powered by UbuntuPhone are expected to be available at the end of 2013.
Both companies target entry-level markets and customers in the beginning, and it makes sense that they do. That does not necessarily mean that the phones won't come to the US or Europe. A recent press release by Canonical for instance highlights that they expect first UbuntuPhone devices to be made available in Western Europe.
The same press release confirmed that UbuntuPhone will ship with the Firefox and Chromium web browser. Chromium is an open source web browser that Google Chrome uses as its core.
Ubuntu will include both the Chromium and Firefox browsers, ensuring a first-class and competitive web browser experience as well as first class web and HTML5 applications.
That's interesting for a number of reasons. When you look at Android or iOS, you will notice that these platforms limit which web browsers can be made available on them.
This may lead to issues. Synchronization for instance may not work between desktop PCs and the phone if a web browser is used on the desktop that is not available on the phone.
. While Chrome is available for iOS devices, Firefox is not for instance. The availability of both Firefox and Chromium ensures that the majority of users can synchronize their data quite easily.
Support for the two browsers on the other hand won't likely be a deciding factor when it comes to selecting the next phone that you are stuck with for the coming years. It is certain that both Firefox OS and UbuntuPhone won't be able to compete against high-end phones right now.
What may happen though is that both phones manage to snag away market share in the entry-level markets and as secondary phones. (via Sören)