How to assign graphics performance preferences to Windows 11 programs
Microsoft's Windows 11 operating system includes an option to assign graphics preferences to programs on the system. The default setting gives Windows 11 control over the performance, but administrators may change the default to enforce the performance level.
The main idea behind the graphics preference feature is to adjust the performance dynamically based on the power level. It is mostly useful on laptops and other mobile devices, but may also be used on other devices running Windows 11.
Users of Windows 11 may use the feature to assign a power configuration to a specific program, e.g. to make sure that the computer game's performance is set to high always, or to reduce the performance of other applications to save power.
Configuring the Graphics Preference for Programs on Windows 11
- Open the Settings application of the operating system, either with the shortcut Windows-I, or by selecting Start > Settings.
- Switch to System > Display.
- Select Graphics on the page that opens.
Windows 11 displays a list of installed apps on the page, and an option to find a specific desktop program or Microsoft Store application. The graphics preference setting for each is displayed in the listing.
- If the program or app is listed already, activate it with a click and select the options button.
- The Graphics Preference window lists three options:
- Let Windows decide (Power saving).
- Power saving.
- High performance.
- Switch the setting to the desired level and select the save button to save it.
The graphics processing unit is listed for each performance level individually; this is useful on devices with onboard and dedicated graphics units, as you may use the preferences to switch between the graphics adapters. Some applications or programs may be limited in regards to the graphics adapter.
Note that you may need to restart the app or program if it is running already.
If the program or app is not listed, use the browse option on the page to add it manually to the page. The remaining steps are identical once a program or app has been added.
The apps that Windows 11 lists by default can't be removed, but they can be reset if a custom setting was assigned to them. The programs and apps that have been added manually can't be reset, only removed.
Graphics preferences for individual apps or programs may be useful in some situations, e.g. when you want heavy apps or games to always run in high performance mode, even if that impacts power consumption more. The other way around is possible as well, e.g. by making sure that an app or program is set to the power saving mode all the time to reduce its impact on the power consumption.
Windows 11 users should not expect wonders when they switch between the two modes, but it may be worth a short to optimize performance or power consumption for specific apps or programs.
Third-party programs likeEasy Power Plan Switcher, Laptop Power Plan Assistant, or PowerSchemeSwitcher may also be worth a shot.
Very interesting article, I wonder what criteria is used by W11 to decide what mode is bettter. I set all options available to performance to see what happens. :]
This option if only for systems which use a primary iGPU and a dedicated GPU as well, most modern laptops with a dGPU that is. Power saving will force the use of the iGPU and high performance will make it use the dGPU. The default list should be held by the dGPU manufacturer and part of the driver, for instance nVIDIA.
This is present in Windows 10 as well and since 20h1 is the main way of switching which GPU a program may use. You reach that page by following the same steps. Previously you had a neat option in the context meny of any .exe file to run an instance on whichever GPU you wanted. I understand the idea that a program may switch the GPU it’s using for processing while running, but I don’t get why they needed to remove that feature anyway.
I do have programs which I need to run on the dGPU, however they default to the iGPU and actually crash as they require CUDA.
I don’t really understand this basic driver terminology. With an intel processor, a graphics chip (HD graphics, etc) comes with it. This is the primary gpu. If the driver for the intel gpu is removed, there’s a basic driver with full brightness and wonky resolution that takes over. Not too good but you at least get a display so the intel driver can be installed.
Then there are the secondary Nvidia and AMD gpu’s many computers have that function differently on desktop and most (except some high end gaming) laptops. Power consumption is best handled in the gpu gui’s, not the OS, except maybe in the power and sleep settings.
Win 10 has a setting in Settings>Graphics>Graphics Settings>Graphics Performance Settings where you can choose the same options shown in the article. You wind up in the same place if you pick the blue Windows Graphics Settings (which almost no one notices) in Nvidia Control Panel>Manage 3D Settings.
No big deal because the Win 10 Graphics performance settings essentially don’t work; they’re pointless. I can get my laptop (intel and nvidia gpu w/optimus) to use the Nvidia gpu for programs that only support the intel gpu with the windows settings but they’re very unstable. No point with our desktops since they run everything with their Nvidia gpu’s.
JMO, but windows has far too many ways to mess with power consumption. I’d bet very few users have any idea how many devices (device manager) can turn themselves off but am sure quite a few problems originate there.
An Addition to Third-party programs Could be “Switch Power Scheme” (Portable Freeware)