Microsoft's Windows 10 operating system, just like previous versions of Windows, comes with a truckload of services preinstalled.
Some of these services are required for all Windows 10 systems regardless of type or what they are used for while others may only be required on some systems and not all.
Microsoft takes this into account to a degree by configuring services to start automatically with the system or only manually (meaning when a program requiring them is run on the device).
While that is the case, you may be able to optimize your system by changing the status of services that you don't require.
Note: Stopping services or disabling them can have unforeseen consequences. Windows components or applications running on the system may stop working, or, at worst, Windows itself may refuse to run. It is recommended that you create a backup before you make changes to services on the system.
The majority of services of Windows 10 are identical to those on Windows 8, Windows 7 and even earlier versions of the operating system.
There are however several new services that Microsoft created specifically for Windows 10.
The Windows Services Manager enables you to control services. You start the program in the following way:
The manager lists services, their status, a short description and other information in its interface. You can sort the table by name or status for instance, the latter can be useful to display all running services.
A double-click opens the properties of the selected service. You may use the interface to start, stop or pause services, and to change their startup type.
A good starting point is to go through all services that are a) running or b) have the startup type automatic.
This is a list of services that you may want to take a closer look at. Depending on how you use your computer, you may be fine disabling those. I suggest you read the description and if you are unsure, search for the particular service on the Internet before you do so.
Connected User Experiences and Telemetry
Description: The Connected User Experiences and Telemetry service enables features that support in-application and connected user experiences. Additionally, this service manages the event driven collection and transmission of diagnostic and usage information (used to improve the experience and quality of the Windows Platform) when the diagnostics and usage privacy option settings are enabled under Feedback and Diagnostics.
Notes: Core tracking service of Windows 10.
Description: This service monitors the current location of the system and manages geofences (a geographical location with associated events). If you turn off this service, applications will be unable to use or receive notifications for geolocation or geofences.
Notes: The service may be needed if you run apps on the device that require geolocation access.
Program Compatibility Assistant Service
Description: This service provides support for the Program Compatibility Assistant (PCA). PCA monitors programs installed and run by the user and detects known compatibility problems. If this service is stopped, PCA will not function properly.
Notes: Not a new service, but one that you may not need. It checks programs for compatibility, and displays warnings if potential compatibility issues are discovered.
Description: The WSCSVC (Windows Security Center) service monitors and reports security health settings on the computer. The health settings include firewall (on/off), antivirus (on/off/out of date), antispyware (on/off/out of date), Windows Update (automatically/manually download and install updates), User Account Control (on/off), and Internet settings (recommended/not recommended)..
Notes: Monitors health related issues and displays them as calls to action to the user.
New 10 Windows Services (compared to Windows 8)
For information about services, their default values and suggested values, check out Black Viper's website.
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Ghacks is a technology news blog that was founded in 2005 by Martin Brinkmann. It has since then become one of the most popular tech news sites on the Internet with five authors and regular contributions from freelance writers.